Automation presents the potential to save many lives on our streets and highways, but it also presents many challenges. This presentation is about two aspects of those challenges – those that can benefit from decades of automation experience in aviation, and those for which there is little experience because they have not generally been encountered before.
Aviation. More specifically, the presentation describes aviation experience that has demonstrated the importance of “Human-centric” automation, as opposed to automation “because we can.” Aviation has also shown that complete automation, i.e., with no human present, will not be capable of safe operation until automation designers develop “graceful exits” if (a) the automation fails or (b) the automation encounters unanticipated circumstances. Finally, as aviation automation has become more reliable, it has shown that humans are not good monitors of reliable systems.
Other. The presentation also describes several aspects of automation that have not previously been encountered or addressed in aviation. Included among that list are the importance of street testing; the lack of training for drivers; the frequency of software updates; the use of software that learns with experience; the relative ease of cyber attacks; the lack of federal standards; the competition between automakers re safety; and the need to address ethical concerns.